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**Sneaky Machine Learning Reading Group**

He Wang, Tom Kelly, and their PGR students meet every Friday afternoon for the Machine Learning in 3D reading group. In each meeting, one person presents a cutting edge machine learning paper from any field. It is an opportunity to share knowledge and practice academic communication skills.

This page contains the contents of the past meetings (links to slides and meeting notes) and information of the upcoming meetings.

Online: Friday @ 15.30pm.

Progressive Growing of GANs for Improved Quality, Stability, and Variation

Presenter: Jialin

Date: 31st Jan

Minutes:

He: original GAN can hardly learn the mixture of 2 distributions well.

Jialin: U-net concatenates left to the right at the same layer.

Tom: these connections maintain spatial resolution.

He: why weight of two ways is not a learnable parameter?

Jialin: Always fix the earlier layers when train the new layers.

He: Now that use means why calculate stand deviation?

Tom: Low resolution determines features.

Efficient N-Dimensional Convolutions via Higher-Order Factorization

Presenter: Zheyan

Date 7th Feb

Contents:

1 How to do convolution for dimension 0-3 tensors.

2 The overall convolution filter for a rank n tensor is a rank 2n tensor and why decompose it.

3 Some methods to decompose filters for n dimensions tensors.

tempoGAN

Presenter: Dody

Date 15th Feb

After the presentation please try to give your opinion on the paper!Contents:

TempoGAN projects the low resolution simulation result to high resolution result. Compared with past CNN, this module take 3 frames in time series as input.

Discussion:

Why there is dimension inconsistency?

Some region of TempoGAN result is worse than baseline. It is hard to say which result is better.

It is better to present one paper with more details than 2 papers.

Talking Face Generation by Adversarially Disentangled Audio-Visual Representation

Presenter: Feixiang

Discussion:

The words are embedded into ID format.

What is the training time?

The encoder and classifier are trained individually.

How to separate speech information and left words information.

Is there evidence that shows disentangle really works?

In the video there is minor change other than the mouse and bleezing eyes.

GENERATING ADVERSARIAL EXAMPLES BY MAKEUP ATTACKS ON FACE RECOGNITION

Presenter: Baiyi

Discussion:

This is CycleGAN, networks used for creating dataset.

Constraint GAN means difficulty in training.

Possible build two datasets, with and without makeup.

The purpose of attack: avoid recognition, update defense system.

Yarn-Level Simulation of Woven Cloth

Presenter: Deshan

Main content:

The difference of knit and woven and the reason to do yarn level simulation.

What are the Lagrangian and Euler DoFs.

The contact plane is used to compute contact force.

What is visco-elastic property.

Adversarial Examples Are Not Bugs, They Are Features

After presentation everyone please try to give some opinion on the paper.

Presenter: Yunfeng

Proximal Policy Optimization Algorithms

Presenter: Xue

Paper: GAN Compression -Efficient Architectures for interactive Conditional GANs.

Presenter: Jialin

Contents:

Traditional GAN conditional GAN and Pix2Pix GAN.

Previous methods to reduce calculation

Validation to choose proper student NN.

Decouple training and search.

Artiﬁcial neural networks trained through deep reinforcement learning discover control strategies for active ﬂow control

Presentor: Zheyan

Contents:

Flow control and active control background, it is hard to design active control.

experiment setting.

Reinforcement algorithms. The output of ANN is the distribution of control strategy. Optimization loss is the long term performance. The samplle strategy number increase over time and seems training expense continues to grow.

Latent-space Dynamics for Reduced Deformable Simulation

Presenter : Dody

Contents:

Can we use ML to accelerate hypeelastic simulation?

Traditional Reduce order method use PCA.

How to integrate autoencoder.

Questions:

Why do not use autoencoder alone but with PCA?

What does J means?

TransMoMo

Presentor: Feixiang

Differentiable Cloth Simulation for Inverse Problems

Presenter: Deshan

Contents:

Concepts of discretization, implicit Euler , collision detection and responce

It usually need labor work to adjust the simulation parameters. The work aims automatically adjust parameters.

Dynamic and Continuous collision dectection, QR decomposion

Derivatives of the physics solve. Constrains, KKT condition.

Experiments

Deep Blending for Free-Viewpoint Image-Based-Rendering

Presenter: Jialin

Contents:

After the presentation please try to give your opinion on the paper!Traditional image blending.

Combine MVS and IBR.

Deep Blending, 4 challenges in old methods.

Two offline pipeline, one online.

3D geometry reconstruction.

DNN architecture.

Rendering algorithm.

Two novel training loss.

Limitation.

Accelerated design and characterization of non-uniform cellular materials via a machine-learning based framework

After the presentation please try to give your opinion on the paper!

Presenter: Zheyan

**MeshingNet **by Zheyan

The question asked in the presentation:

- How is the algorithm of the solution?
- How does the network connect to the mesh?
- When it breaks the triangle?
- Does it resize the triangle?
- Is the magic generator differentiable/ inside or outside the neural network?
- How do you make the particular neural network design?
- Why do you show training loss, rather than testing loss?
- If you don’t show the testing with training, it’s hard to tell.

The comments on every slide:

2^{nd} slide: To make the figures with less information/To make it a bit simpler.

3^{rd} slides: What data are you actually training on? Use a real mesh instead of simplified mesh.

4^{th} slide: what does 3000 mean?

6^{th} slide: It needs motivation: how should it affect the mesh? Need examples.

7^{th} slide: what’s the baseline?

10^{th} slide: make it look 3d.

11^{th} slide: Why do the result by CZ have colour?

by Yunfeng

Paper link:

Query-Efficient Hard-label Black-box Attack:An Optimization-based ApproachAfter the presentation please try to give your opinion on the paper!

Presenter: Yunfeng

Minutes:

- Deshang : “why the algorithm 1 returns right value of binary search , instead of others, like middle value or left value?”
- Yunfeng: I think it should return Vright or Vleft(it depends on if f(x0 + vmid theta)) == y0. And for binary search, the Vleft/Vright has been updated by Vmid already, so we don’t need to return Vmid

- He Wang: “It is very interesting to see that they can prove an upper bound of the number of iterations needed. It would be good to show the proof if possible.”
- Jialin : “They do not consider time series data. I agree that we need to consider some particular problems like weighting scheme when we attack time-series data.”
- The last paragraph in 3.2 mentioned that for high-dimensional problems, they sample 20 vectors from Gaussian distribution and average their estimators to get gˆ. This seems not to give any theoretical basis and seems to be based entirely on their experimental results?

- Feixiang: “we can use a vector to indicate the direction, theta, but how to decide the length of the vector, is it with the same dimension of the input image?”
- Dody : “they said: for high-dimensional problems, we found the estimation in equation (7) is very noisy” -> would u explain, what do they mean?
- Yunfeng : they do the estimation of g-hat q times,then average them.

Learning to Measure the Static Friction Coefficient in Cloth Contact

This research proposes a vision-based deep neural network for estimating cloth/substrate dry friction coefficient. It uses synthetic datasets to train the neural network model which, however, is capable of estimating dry friction coefficient of real cloth. This is realised by accurately recover the cloth dynamics related to the dry friction coefficient. Moreover, this research introduces Conditional Friction Model which is optimised for extracting the information related with dry friction coefficient.

Jialin presents:

PULSE: Self-Supervised Photo Upsampling via Latent Space Exploration of Generative ModelsThe back ground is to obtain HD images from low resolution. Pulse ensures the quality of the super resolution image while tradition methods lead to blurring, they only compare HR and LR images. Traditional MSE neglect detail such as texture so that they are smoothed out. To get rid it people increase distance between SR and HR or use perceptual loss.

This paper has new paradigm and use novel method including Gaussian domain search.

PULSE may illuminate some biases inherent in StyleGAN.

CVPR video/paper for discussion:

Unsupervised Learning of Probably Symmetric Deformable 3D Objects from Images in the Wild

Zheyan present:

Dynamic Fluid Surface Reconstruction Using Deep Neural NetworkCVPR video for discussion:

Dody will present:

BSP-Net: Generating Compact Meshes via Binary Space PartitioningCVPR video/paper for discussion:

Learning Long-term Visual Dynamics, Xiaolong Wang.Deshan presents:

Use the Force, Luke! Learning to Predict Physical Forces by Simulating EffectsLooking this video:

VIBE: Video Inference for Human Body Pose and Shape Estimation (CVPR 2020)Feixiang presents:

Skeleton-Aware Networks for Deep Motion RetargetingLooking this video:

Self-supervised Learning of Interpretable Keypoints from Unlabelled Videos - CVPR 2020 oral

Zheyan presents:

Neural Cages for Detail-Preserving 3D DeformationsDody talked on graph_CNN and how this technique may help our research.

Graph Neural Networks in Particle Physics

Feixiang presents:

Scalable Graph Networks for Particle Simulations

Presenter: Dody

Graph2Plan: Learning Floorplan Generation from Layout Graphs

Presenter: Feixiang

Ricardo Luna Gutierrez

presents

Information-theoretic Task Selection for Meta-Reinforcement LearningRecent works on human motion classification attack

By He

LAGRANGIAN NEURAL NETWORKS

By Dody

House-GAN: Relational Generative Adversarial Networks for Graph-constrained House Layout Generation

by Feixiang

Markus presents:

Neural Temporal Adaptive Sampling and DenoisingJialin present:

Semantic Photo Manipulation with a Generative Image PriorShaun present:

the field of my research with an overview of the problem and the current state of research surrounding it

He Wang present:

Efficient Transformers: A SurveyTom present:

Generative Layout Modeling using Constraint GraphsBaiyi present:

Editing in Style: Uncovering the Local Semantics of GANsMaria present:

Zheyan present:

Machine learning–accelerated computational fluid dynamicszheyan present:

Finite element with machine learning

Maria present:

DeepM&Mnet: Inferring the electroconvection multiphysics fields based on operator approximation by neural networksJiangbei present:

Masked Autoencoders Are Scalable Vision LearnersMaria present:

Understanding and mitigating gradient pathologies in physics-informed neural networksShaun present:

Spectral images based environmental sound classification using CNN with meaningful data augmentationMou Li present:

Analyzing Inverse Problems with Invertible Neural NetworksUsman present:

Feixiang present:

Prototypical contrast and reverse prediction: Unsupervised skeleton based action recognitionFeixiang present:

Spatio-Temporal Gating-Adjacency GCN for Human Motion Prediction